Electronic Design with KiCAD
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Authors

Kevin Gautama is a systems design and programming engineer with 16 years of expertise in the fields of electrical and electronics and information technology.

He teaches at the Hanoi University of Industry in the period 2003-2011 and he has a certificate of vocational training by the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and the Hanoi University of Industry.

From extensive design experience through numerous engineering projects, the author founded the Enziin Academy.

The Enziin Academy is a startup in the field of educational, it's core goal is to training design engineers in the fields technology related.

The Enziin Academy is headquartered in Stockholm-Sweden with an orientation operating multi-lingual and global.

The author's skills in IT:

  • Implementing the application infrastructure on Amazon's cloud computing platform.
  • Linux server system administration (Sysadmin).
  • Design load balancing and content distribution system.
  • MySQL database administration.
  • C/C++/C# Programming
  • Ruby and Ruby on Rails Programming
  • Python and Django Programming
  • The WPF/C# on the .NET Framework Programming
  • The PHP/JAVA Programming
  • Machine Learning and Expert System.
  • Internet of Things.

The author's skills in the fields of electric and electronic:

  • The design of popular CPU / MCU systems.
  • Design FPGA / CPLD system (Xilinx - Altera).
  • Design and programming of DSP systems (Texas Instruments).
  • Embedded ARM system design.
  • The RTOS Programming
  • Design and programming electronic power systems.
  • PLC - inverter - sensor - electric control cabinet industrial.
  • Control systems distributed connection with Server.

Read more...

  • Curriculum
  • 1. Introduction
    • videocam
      The tasks to do in this course

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Download and install KiCad

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Overview of KiCad

      11m26s
  • 2. Schematic Design
    • videocam
      Tools and menu

      11m26s
    • videocam
      The common commands

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Hierarchical structure in schematics

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Annotate auto for components

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Check rules schematic design

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Make a netlist

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Printing a schematic

      11m26s
  • 3. Library in Schematic Design
    • videocam
      Create the library and add new components

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Graphics objects

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Managing units of measurement

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Make footprint for the component

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Additional information fields

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Manage symbols

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Create Netlists and BOM

      11m26s
  • 4. Design PCB
    • videocam
      Introducing the PcbNew tool

      11m26s
    • videocam
      The options PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Link Schematic and PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Create new PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Update the PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Read files Netlist

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Introducing layers

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Setting the layers

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Arrange components

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Layout PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Add region copper overlay

      11m26s
  • 5. Library Footprint
    • videocam
      Introduction to Footprint Editor

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Using the Footprint Editor

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Export files to the manufacturer

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Export Gerber files

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Export Drill files

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Export components position file

      11m26s
  • 6. The Reality Project
    • videocam
      Analyze the requirements

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Design the schematic

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Make a library schematic

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Import shape of board from CAD

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Design the PCB

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Make a library footprint

      11m26s
    • videocam
      Export files to the manufacturer

      11m26s
Kicad
Electronic Design with KiCAD


Note: This is a module belongs to the classes, billing features separate for this module will be allowed if the content matches. The classes using this module are listed below.

KiCad is a free software suite for electronic design automation (EDA). It facilitates the design of schematics for electronic circuits and their conversion to PCB designs. KiCad was originally developed by Jean-Pierre Charras.

It features an integrated environment for schematic capture and PCB layout design. Tools exist within the package to create a bill of materials, artwork, Gerber files, and 3D views of the PCB and its components.

KiCad was created in 1992 by Jean-Pierre Charras while working at IUT de Grenoble. Since then KiCad has gained a number of both volunteer and paid contributors. Notably in 2013 the CERN BE-CO-HT section started contributing resources towards KiCad to help foster open hardware development by helping improve KiCad to be on par with commercial EDA tools.

KiCad adopted a point release versioning scheme in December 2015 starting with KiCad 4.0.0. This was the first release featuring the more advanced tools implemented by CERN developers. CERN hopes to contribute further to the development of KiCad by hiring a developer through donations. Contributions may be made through the links on KiCad's website.

Parts

The KiCad suite has five main parts:

  • KiCad – the project manager.
  • Eeschema – the schematic capture editor.
  • Pcbnew – the PCB layout program. It also has a 3D view.
  • GerbView – the Gerber viewer.
  • Bitmap2Component – tool to convert images to footprints for PCB artwork.

Features

KiCad uses an integrated environment for all of the stages of the design process: Schematic capture, PCB layout, Gerber file generation/visualization, and library editing.
KiCad is a cross-platform program, written in C++ with wxWidgets to run on FreeBSD, Linux, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X.

Many component libraries are available, and users can add custom components. The custom components can be available on a per-project basis or installed for use in any project. There are also tools to help with importing components from other EDA applications, for instance EAGLE.

Configuration files are in well documented plain text, which helps with interfacing version control systems, as well as with automated component generation scripts.

Eeschema

Eeschema has features including hierarchical schematic sheets, custom symbol creation, and an ERC (electrical rules check). Schematic symbols in Eeschema are very loosely coupled to footprints in Pcbnew to encourage reuse of footprints and symbols (e.g. a single 0805 footprint can be used for capacitors, resistors, inductors, etc.).

Pcbnew

Internally Pcbnew supports up to 32 copper layers and 32 technical layers. Dimensions are stored with nanometer precision in signed 32-bit integers making the theoretical maximal PCB dimension 231 nm, or approximately 2.14 meters.

Currently Pcbnew is being heavily refactored, including getting a new rendering engine (called the graphics abstraction layer, or GAL) with OpenGL and Cairo back ends. Pcbnew is also getting a new tool framework to more easily allow developers to add tools without having to deal with supporting multiple renderers.

Due to this some tools are only available on the legacy XOR-based renderer and some are only available with the GAL renderers.

KiCad has a built-in autorouter for basic, single connections. Alternatively, Alfons Wirtz's open-source Java-based FreeRouting can be used to externally autoroute boards.

Anthony Blake's Toporouter, a topological autorouter developed in 2008 for gEDA PCB as a Google-funded open source project mentored by DJ Delorie has been adapted for use with KiCad as well.

A DRC (design rules check) is available to check for common logical errors. The 3D PCB viewing function is based on VRML models, and the board model can be exported for CAD integration.

An interactive router, which features the ability to walk around existing traces in the way or shove existing traces into a different position while maintaining their connectivity.

High-speed PCB routing tools such as track-length matching and differential pair support.

Python scripting support.

Table of Content

1. Introduction

  • The tasks to do in this course
  • Download and install KiCad
  • Overview of KiCad

2. Schematic Design

  • Tools and menu
  • The common commands
  • Hierarchical structure in schematics
  • Annotate auto for components
  • Check rules schematic design
  • Make a netlist
  • Printing a schematic

3. Library in Schematic Design

  • Create the library and add new components
  • Graphics objects
  • Managing units of measurement
  • Make footprint for the component
  • Additional information fields
  • Manage symbols
  • Create Netlists and BOM

4. Design PCB

  • Introducing the PcbNew tool
  • The options PCB
  • Link Schematic and PCB
  • Create new PCB
  • Update the PCB
  • Read files Netlist
  • Introducing layers
  • Setting the layers
  • Arrange components
  • Layout PCB
  • Add region copper overlay

5. Library Footprint

  • Introduction to Footprint Editor
  • Using the Footprint Editor
  • Export files to the manufacturer
  • Export Gerber files
  • Export Drill files
  • Export components position file

6. The Reality Project

  • Analyze the requirements
  • Design the schematic
  • Make a library schematic
  • Import shape of board from CAD
  • Design the PCB
  • Make a library footprint
  • Export files to the manufacturer